European Spiny Lobster

Picture of a European Spiny Lobster (Palinurus elephas)

Description of the European Spiny Lobster

The European Spiny Lobster is also known by the name: Crayfish, Cray, Common Spiny Lobster, Red Lobster ,
Langouste or Rock Lobster. It is commonly found in the Mediterranean Sea but is also found in the Eastern Atlantic, it is caught for food and is considered a delicacy.

Picture of a European Spiny Lobster

European Spiny Lobster

Facts - Information -  Picture - Video

Popular Name: European Spiny Lobster
Species: Palinurus elephas

Profile of the European Spiny Lobster
This Profile contains interesting facts and information about the European Spiny Lobster species.

  • Size: Can grow up to 60cm, average size is 25cm to 30cm

  • Diet / Feeding: Worms, Dead Fish and Crabs

  • Habitat: 20-70m Depth along rocky coasts

  • Range: Eastern Atlantic, Mediterranean

 

Scientific Classification of the European Spiny Lobster
Definition: Scientific classification, or biological classification, is how biologists group and categorize species of organisms with shared physical characteristics. Scientific classification belongs to the science of taxonomy.

  • Species: Palinurus elephas

  • Popular Name: European Spiny Lobster - Crayfish - Cray - Common Spiny Lobster - Red Lobster - Langouste - Rock Lobster

  • Kingdom: Animalia

  • Phylum: Arthropoda

  • Class: Malacostraca

  • Order: Decapoda

  • Family: Palinuridae


Interesting Facts and Information - Facts about a European Spiny Lobster
The Spiny Lobster belongs to a group called Achelate Crustaceans. They are among a small minority of crustaceans that don't have claws. They are not closely related to 'true' lobsters as they do not have the usual three pairs of claws and have a larger, spiny antennae. They can deter predators by rubbing their antennae over a smooth part of their shell to produce a high pitched screeching sound.


Interesting Facts and Information - Why do European Spiny Lobsters have an Exoskeleton?
A lobsters shell is an exoskeleton. An exoskeleton protects the crustacean from predators and is also used for sensing and feeding. The exoskeleton grows and hardens and is eventually shred when the carpace becomes too small. The carpace is the upper section of the exoskeleton.

Interesting Facts and Information - Why is the European Spiny Lobster called an Arthropod?
An Arthropod is an invertebrate animal (without a backbone) that has a segmented body with jointed limbs (appendages).

Interesting Facts and Information about European Spiny Lobster

European Spiny Lobster

  • Interesting Information about the European Spiny Lobster

  • Facts about Fish Species - What are Crustaceans?

  • Why do the Crustaceans have an exoskeleton (external skeleton)?

  • Facts about Fish Species - Why are the Crustaceans called Arthropods?

  • Species: Palinurus elephas

Fish Species

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