Red Belly Piranha

Picture of Red Belly Piranha

Description of the Red Belly Piranha

Piranhas are an omnivorous freshwater fish which means that they can eat both plants and animals. They have sensors along their body which they use to detect their prey. In order to survive, a piranha will feed on another piranha, they are cannibals! Piranhas are attracted by noise, splashing and blood!

Popular Name: Red Belly Piranha
Species: Pygocentrus nattereri

Picture of a Red Belly Piranha

Red Belly Piranha

Facts - Information - Picture - Video

Popular Name: Red Belly Piranha
Species: Pygocentrus nattereri

Profile of the Red Belly Piranha

This Profile contains interesting facts and information about the Red Belly Piranha species.

  • Size:  Up to 33cm in length

  • Fish Tank conditions: PH 5.5 - 7, large tank required

  • Temperament: Best kept in schools of five or less to minimise aggression

  • Diet / Feeding: Tend to feed at dusk and dawn on dying or injured worms, crustaceans and fish but have can also attack healthy animals!

  • Habitat: Freshwater rivers in South America

  • Behaviour: Can be timid in an aquarium setting!

  • Range: Amazon river basin and coastal rivers in north eastern Brazil

Scientific Classification of the Red Belly Piranha

Definition: Scientific classification, or biological classification, is how biologists group and categorize species of organisms with shared physical characteristics. Scientific classification belongs to the science of taxonomy.

  • Species: Pygocentrus nattereri

  • Popular Names:  Red Belly Piranha

  • Kingdom: Animalia

  • Phylum: Chordata

  • Class: Actinopterygii

  • Order: Characiformes

  • Family: Characidae

Interesting Facts and Information - How do you identify the sex of a Red Belly Piranha?

The males and females of many fish species have different colors or different shaped bodies. But there are also other fish species where there is no visible difference. Its sometimes tricky being an ichthyologist!

Interesting Facts and Information - Why are Red Belly Piranha slimy?

Red Belly Piranha secrete a type of mucus, or slime, from their skin. This slime provides protection against parasites and infections and helps the Red Belly Piranha to move through the water faster. Some fish species also release toxins in their slime which ward off enemy attacks. Other fish species use their slime to feed their young.

Interesting Facts and Information - Why does the Red Belly Piranha have gills?

Gills enable the Red Belly Piranha to breathe. Gills consist of thin sheets of tissue containing blood vessels. As water passes over the gills oxygen is absorbed into the blood stream Carbon dioxide passes out into the water. The gills are protected by a large bony plate called an operculum. Some fish species however have lungs and breathe air.

Interesting Facts and Information - Why does the Red Belly Piranha have fins?

A fin is an external appendage or "limb" of a fish. Fins are used for directing, stabilizing, or propelling the different fish species in water. Numbers of fins vary between fish species, but there are usually seven. Each of the fins on a fish are designed to perform a specific function:

  • Dorsal fins - The dorsal fin is located on the backs of fishes. The Red Belly Piranha has Dorsal fins to lend stability in swimming.
     

  • Ventral fins. The ventral fin is located on the pelvic area of fishes. The Red Belly Piranha has Ventral fins to lend stability in swimming.

  • Caudal fins. The Caudal fin is located on the tail area of fishes. The Red Belly Piranha Fish has Caudal fins to propel through the water.

  • Pectoral fins. The Pectoral fin is located on the breast area of fishes. The Red Belly Piranha has Pectoral fins to for locomotion and side to side movement.

Facts about Red Belly Piranha Fish

  • Red Belly Piranha fish are an omnivorous freshwater fish; they can eat both plants and animals

  • Red Belly Piranha fish have sensors along their body which they use to detect their prey
     

  • In order to survive, a red belly piranha fish will feed on another piranha, they are cannibals!
     

  • Red Belly Piranha fish are attracted by noise, splashing and blood!

 

Red Belly Piranha

  • Interesting Information about Red Belly Piranha

  • Facts about Fish Species - Why are Red Belly Piranha slimy?

  • Why do the Red Belly Piranha have gills?

  • Facts about Fish Species - Why do the Red Belly Piranha have fins?

  • Species: Pygocentrus nattereri

Fish Species - Red Belly Piranha

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