Porcupine Puffer

Picture of Porcupine Puffer

Description of the Porcupine Puffer

The Porcupine Puffer Fish has large eyes and stout spines on it's head and body, this has lead to this particular puffer fish being commonly called the Porcupine fish.

Popular Name: Porcupine Puffer Fish
Species: Diodon Hystrix

Picture of a Porcupine Puffer

Porcupine Puffer

Facts - Information - Picture - Video

Profile of the Porcupine Puffer

This Profile contains interesting facts and information about the Porcupine Puffer Fish species.

  • Size: Maximum in the wild of 35 inches!

  • Fish Tank conditions: Temperature 78 F pH 8.4

  • Temperament: Semi-aggressive towards fish of a similar or smaller size

  • Diet / Feeding: Most live and frozen foods

  • Habitat: Coral or rocky reefs at depths from 2 to 50 m

  • Behaviour: Should not be kept with Starfish, hard Corals and invertebrates

  • Range: Waters Worldwide

Scientific Classification of the Porcupine Puffer

Definition: Scientific classification, or biological classification, is how biologists group and categorize species of organisms with shared physical characteristics. Scientific classification belongs to the science of taxonomy.

  • Species: Diodon Hystrix

  • Popular Names: Porcupine Puffer - Spot fin porcupinefish - Porcupine Pufferfish - Black spotted Porcupinefish

  • Kingdom: Animalia

  • Class: Actinopterygii

  • Order: Tetraodontiformes

  • Family: Diodontidae

Interesting Facts and Information - How do you identify the sex of a Porcupine Puffer Fish?


The males and females of many fish species have different colors or different shaped bodies. But there are also other fish species where there is no visible difference. Its sometimes tricky being an ichthyologist!


Interesting Facts and Information - Why are Porcupine Puffer Fish slimy?

Porcupine Puffer Fish secrete a type of mucus, or slime, from their skin. This slime provides protection against parasites and infections and helps the Porcupine Puffer to move through the water faster. Some fish species also release toxins in their slime which ward off enemy attacks. Other aquatic species use their slime to feed their young.

Interesting Facts and Information - Why do Porcupine Puffer Fish have gills?

Gills enable the Porcupine Puffer to breathe. Gills consist of thin sheets of tissue containing blood vessels. As water passes over the gills oxygen is absorbed into the blood stream Carbon dioxide passes out into the water. The gills are protected by a large bony plate called an operculum. Some fish species however have lungs and breathe air.

Interesting Facts and Information - Why do the Porcupine Puffer Fish have fins?

A fin is an external appendage or "limb" of a fish. Fins are used for directing, stabilizing, or propelling the different fish species in water. Numbers of fins vary between species, but there are usually seven. Each of the fins on a fish are designed to perform a specific function:
  • Dorsal fins - The dorsal fin is located on the backs of fishes. The Porcupine Puffer has Dorsal fins to lend stability in swimming.
     

  • Ventral fins. The ventral fin is located on the pelvic area of fishes. The Porcupine Puffer has Ventral fins to lend stability in swimming.

  • Caudal fins. The Caudal fin is located on the tail area of fishes. The Porcupine Puffer has Caudal fins to propel through the water

  • Pectoral fins. The Pectoral fin is located on the breast area of fishes. The Porcupine Puffer has Pectoral fins to for locomotion and side to side movement.


Porcupine Puffer Fish

Image of Porcupine Puffer

Porcupine Puffer Image

Porcupine Puffer Fish

  • Interesting Information about Porcupine Puffer

  • Facts about aquatic species - Why are Porcupine Puffer Fish slimy?

  • Why do the Porcupine Puffer Fish have gills?

  • Facts about Fish Species - Why do the Porcupine Puffer Fish have fins?

  • Species: Diodon Hystrix

Fish Species

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