Pearl Gourami

Picture of Pearl Gourami

Description of the Pearl Gourami

The Pearl Gourami is also known as the Lace Gourami, Mosaic Gourami or Leeri. They are a Labryinth or Anabantoid fish and as such have the ability to breathe air. Other labyrinth fish include the Paradise fish and the Siamese or Thai fighting fish. The Pearl Gourami is a bubble nest builder and requires a tank with lots of planting in order to build its bubble nest. It is one of the most peaceful species of Gourami's.

Picture of a Pearl Gourami

Pearl Gourami

Facts - Information - Picture - Video

Popular Name: Pearl Gourami
Species: Trichogaster leeri

Profile of the Pearl Gourami
This Profile contains interesting facts and information about the Pearl Gourami species.

  • Size: Up to 12cm

  • Fish Tank conditions: Temp 24-28 Degrees PH 6.5 to 7.0

  • Diet / Feeding: Bloodworms, Brine Shrimp, Daphnia

  • Temperament: Peaceful, Good Community Fish

  • Range: Malaysia, Thailand, Sumatra, Borneo

Scientific Classification of the Pearl Gourami
Definition: Scientific classification, or biological classification, is how biologists group and categorize species of organisms with shared physical characteristics. Scientific classification belongs to the science of taxonomy.

  • Species: Trichogaster leeri

  • Popular Name: Pearl Gourami

  • Kingdom: Animalia

  • Phylum: Chordata

  • Class: Actinopterygii

  • Order: Perciformes

  • Family:Osphronemidae

Interesting Facts and Information - How do you identify the sex of a Pearl Gourami?
The males and females of many fish species have different colors or different shaped bodies. But there are also other fish species where there is no visible difference. Its sometimes tricky being an ichthyologist! Male Gouramis have long pointed dorsal and anal fins while females have shorter and more rounded anal and dorsal fins.
Interesting Facts and Information - Why are Pearl Gourami slimy?
Pearl Gourami secrete a type of mucus, or slime, from their skin. This slime provides protection against parasites and infections and helps the Pearl Gourami to move through the water faster. Some fish species also release toxins in their slime which ward off enemy attacks. Other fish species use their slime to feed their young.

Interesting Facts and Information -
Why do Pearl Gourami have gills?
Gills enable the Pearl Gourami to breathe. Gills consist of thin sheets of tissue containing blood vessels. As water passes over the gills oxygen is absorbed into the blood stream Carbon dioxide passes out into the water. The gills are protected by a large bony plate called an operculum. Some fish species however have lungs and breathe air.

Interesting Facts and Information - Why do the Pearl Gourami have fins?
A fin is an external appendage or "limb" of a fish. Fins are used for directing, stabilizing, or propelling the different fish species in water. Numbers of fins vary between fish species, but there are usually seven. Each of the fins on a fish are designed to perform a specific function:

  • Dorsal fins - The dorsal fin is located on the backs of fishes. The Pearl Gourami has Dorsal fins to lend stability in swimming.

  • Ventral fins. The ventral fin is located on the pelvic area of fishes. The Pearl Gourami has Ventral fins to lend stability in swimming.

  • Caudal fins. The Caudal fin is located on the tail area of fishes. The Pearl Gourami has Caudal fins to propel through the water.

  • Pectoral fins. The Pectoral fin is located on the breast area of fishes. The Pearl Gourami has Pectoral fins to for locomotion and side to side movement

Interesting Facts and Information about Pearl Gourami

Pearl Gourami

  • Interesting Information about Pearl Gourami

  • Facts about Fish Species - Why are Pearl Gourami slimy?

  • Why do the Pearl Gourami have gills?

  • Facts about Fish Species - Why do the Pearl Gourami have fins?

  • Species: Trichogaster leeri

Fish Species

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